The Limpopo belt is an extensive ENE-trending linear zone of high-grade metamorphic tectonites which separates the Archaean nucleii of the Rhodesian craton to the north from the Kaapvaal craton to the south. The belt consists of reworked Archaean granite-greenstone terrain with an early Proterozoic cover sequence, the Messina Formation, infolded and metamorphosed with the basement. Two major zones of shearing and transcurrent dislocation separate marginal granulite zones from a central zone which consists of complexly infolded cover rocks and reworked basement. The northern granulite zone appears to grade transitionally into the Rhodesian craton to the north, whereas there is some evidence that the southern granulite zone is faulted against the Kaapvaal craton to the south. The whole belt has behaved as a zone of crustal weakness throughout geological time, and is characterized by repeated shear deformation, igneous intrusion and extrusion, despite the cessation of major regional tectono-thermal reactivation about 1900 Ma ago.