Strain measurements have been made to help quantify the intensity of deformation and amount of displacement across Archaean greenstone belts in Rhodesia and Botswana and across the gneisses of the Limpopo mobile belt. The area has been divided into three domains based on the orientation of the finite strain fabric and the orientation of the maximum extension direction in associated shear zones. The domains are considered to have different movement patterns and to be similar to small orogenic belts. Early deformation within the greenstone belts accompanied the instrusion of the diaipric granites, but there was also bulk translation and rotation of greenstone belt and gneiss leading to imbrication of the stratigraphic pile and the formation of large nappes of overturned rock. This was followed by regional phases of deformation which affected all the greenstone belts and the gneisses of the Limpopo belt. Detailed strain measurements show a variation in amount of shortening during this phase, from under 30% across the Shabani-Bellingwe belt in central Rhodesia, to over 60% across the Tati and Matsitama belts in northern Botswana. Many local variations in intensity of deformation occur within large ductile shear zones and deviations from plane strain may be partly due to such rotational deformation. The regional deformation pattern suggests that there was movement of the Rhodesian craton approximately 200 km to the southwest relative to the gneisses of the Limpopo belt, producing a dominantly flattening deformation in the southwest of Rhodesia, but dominantly simple shear with a nearly horizontal sinistral movement, in the southeast.