Reliable estimates of the bulk composition are so far restricted to the three planetary objects from which we have samples for laboratory investigation, i.e. the Earth, the Moon and the eucrite parent asteroid. The last, the parent body of the eucritediogenite family of meteorites, an object that like Earth and Moon underwent magmatic differentiations, seems to have an almost chondritic composition except for a considerable depletion of all moderately volatile (Na, K, Rb, F, etc.) and highly volatile (Cl, Br, Cd, Pb, etc.) elements. The Moon is also depleted in moderately volatile and volatile elements compared to carbonaceous chondrites of type 1 (C1) and also compared to the Earth. Again normalized to C1 and Si the Earth's mantle and the Moon are slightly enriched in refractory lithophile elements and in magnesium. It might be that this enrichment is fictitious and only due to the normalization to Si and that both Earth's mantle and Moon are depleted in Si, which partly entered the Earth's core in metallic form. The striking depletion of the Earth's mantle for the elements V, Cr and Mn can also be explained by their partial removal into the core. The similar abundances of V, Cr and Mn in the Moon and in the Earth's mantle indicate the strong genetic relationship of Earth and Moon. Apart from their contents of metallic iron, all siderophile elements, moderately volatile and volatile elements, Earth and Moon are chemically very similar. It might well be that, with these exceptions and that of a varying degree of oxidation, all the inner planets have a similar chemistry. The chemical composition of the Earth's mantle, for which reliable and accurate data have recently been obtained from the study of ultramafic nodules, yields important information about the accretion history of the Earth and that of the inner planets. It seems that accretion started with highly reduced material, with all Fe as metal and even Si and Cr, V and Mn partly in reduced state, followed by the accretion of more and more oxidized matter.