Carbon nanotubes have extraordinary mechanical and electronic properties and hold great promise for future applications. The most important aspects of this structure are its low density, high aspect ratio, one dimensionality, high mechanical strength and high electrical and thermal conductivity. We present a short, state–of–the–art account of tailored nanotube growth. To provide these properties in real devices there exists a need for producing nanotubes on substrates. The challenge in the creation of mesoscale nanotube–based architectures and tailored nanotube networks consisting of thousands of tubes in a predefined order is obviously great. Currently, chemical vapour deposition (CVD) appears to be the most powerful method for achieving such required structures. We describe our work on a new synthesis method, based on catalytic CVD using mainly gas–phase catalyst delivery. Gas–phase catalyst delivery allows us to assemble single–walled and multi–walled carbon nanotubes in predetermined multiple orientations on substrates to build one– to three–dimensional architectures. We are able to control, to a large extent, the types of nanotubes produced, their lengths, locations and their orientations. The ability to make mesoscale architectures with nanotubes should lead us to develop applications in areas such as nano–electromechanical systems.