We review the progress made on the fabrication and applications of hollow-core photonic crystal fibres (HC-PCFs). The mechanism of the light guidance in these fibres is described along with their dispersion properties. We review the HC-PCF fabrication, the different results achieved in the fields of laser-induced particle guidance, low-threshold stimulated Raman scattering in hydrogen (vibrational and rotational), laser frequency metrology and quantum optics. Finally, we show the different new prospects opened up by these fibres.
One contribution of 23 to a Triennial Issue ‘Mathematics and physics’.
↵Though, this array could be made by arbitrary materials with different refractive indices, we limit our definition of PCF in the present paper to those made by silica and air.
↵Here, the bandwidth is taken along the vacuum dispersion line.
- © 2006 The Royal Society