Land to ocean transfer of material largely controls the chemical composition of seawater and the global element cycles. Oceanic isotopic budgets of chemical species, macro- and micronutrients (e.g. Nd, Sr, Si, Mg, Zn, Mo and Ni) have revealed an imbalance between their sources and sinks. Radiogenic isotope budgets underlined the importance of taking into account continental margins as a source of elements to oceans. They also highlighted that the net land–ocean inputs of chemical species probably result from particle-dissolved exchange processes, named ‘Boundary Exchange’. Yet, locations where ‘Boundary Exchange’ occurs are not clearly identified and reviewed here: discharge of huge amount of freshly weathered particles at the river mouths, submarine weathering of deposited sediments along the margins, submarine groundwater discharges and subterranean estuaries. As a whole, we conclude that all of them might contribute to ‘Boundary Exchange’. Highlighting their specific roles and the processes at play is a key scientific issue for the second half of GEOTRACES.
This article is part of the themed issue ‘Biological and climatic impacts of ocean trace element chemistry’.
One contribution of 20 to a discussion meeting issue ‘Biological and climatic impacts of ocean trace element chemistry’.
- Accepted August 10, 2016.
- © 2016 The Author(s)
Published by the Royal Society. All rights reserved.