A family of Cu(II)-based metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) has been synthesized using three pyridyl-isophthalate ligands, H2L1 (4′-(pyridin-4-yl)biphenyl-3,5-dicarboxylic acid), H2L2 (4′′-(pyridin-4-yl)-1,1′:4′,1′′-terphenyl-3,5-dicarboxylic acid) and H2L3 (5-[4-(pyridin-4-yl)naphthalen-1-yl]benzene-1,3-dicarboxylic acid). Although in each case the pyridyl-isophthalate ligands adopt the same pseudo-octahedral [Cu2(O2CR)4N2] paddlewheel coordination modes, the resulting frameworks are structurally diverse, particularly in the case of the complex of Cu(II) with H2L3, which leads to three distinct supramolecular isomers, each derived from Kagomé and square nets. In contrast to [Cu(L2)] and the isomers of [Cu(L3)], [Cu(L1)] exhibits permanent porosity. Thus, the gas adsorption properties of [Cu(L1)] were investigated with N2, CO2 and H2, and the material exhibits an isosteric heat of adsorption competitive with leading MOF sorbents for CO2. [Cu(L1)] displays high H2 adsorption, with the density in the pores approaching that of liquid H2.
This article is part of the themed issue ‘Coordination polymers and metal–organic frameworks: materials by design’.
One contribution of 8 to a theme issue ‘Coordination polymers and metal–organic frameworks: materials by design’.
Electronic supplementary material is available online at https://dx.doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.c.3577874.
- Accepted October 4, 2016.
- © 2016 The Author(s)
Published by the Royal Society. All rights reserved.