This paper presents an experimental and numerical study of Kuru grey granite impacted with a seven-buttons drill bit mounted on an instrumented drop test machine. The force versus displacement curves during the impact, so-called bit–rock interaction (BRI) curves, were obtained using strain gauge measurements for two levels of impact energy. Moreover, the volume of removed rock after each drop test was evaluated by stereo-lithography (three-dimensional surface reconstruction). A modified version of the Holmquist–Johnson–Cook (MHJC) material model was calibrated using Kuru granite test results available from the literature. Numerical simulations of the single drop tests were carried out using the MHJC model available in the LS-DYNA explicit finite-element solver. The influence of the impact energy and additional confining pressure on the BRI curves and the volume of the removed rock is discussed. In addition, the influence of the rock surface shape before impact was evaluated using two different mesh geometries: a flat surface and a hyperbolic surface. The experimental and numerical results are compared and discussed in terms of drilling efficiency through the mechanical specific energy.
This article is part of the themed issue ‘Experimental testing and modelling of brittle materials at high strain rates’.
One contribution of 15 to a theme issue ‘Experimental testing and modelling of brittle materials at high strain rates’.
Electronic supplementary material is available online at https://dx.doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.c.3587081.
- Accepted November 3, 2016.
- © 2016 The Author(s)
Published by the Royal Society. All rights reserved.