TY - JOUR
T1 - Certifiable quantum dice
JF - Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical,
Physical and Engineering Sciences
JO - Philos Transact A Math Phys Eng Sci
SP - 3432
LP - 3448
M3 - 10.1098/rsta.2011.0336
VL - 370
IS - 1971
AU - Vazirani, Umesh
AU - Vidick, Thomas
Y1 - 2012/07/28
UR - http://rsta.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/370/1971/3432.abstract
N2 - We introduce a protocol through which a pair of quantum mechanical devices may be used to generate n random bits that are ε-close in statistical distance from n uniformly distributed bits, starting from a seed of uniform bits. The bits generated are certifiably random, based only on a simple statistical test that can be performed by the user, and on the assumption that the devices obey the no-signalling principle. No other assumptions are placed on the devices' inner workings: it is not necessary to even assume the validity of quantum mechanics.
ER -