TY - JOUR
T1 - On the bistable zone of milling processes
JF - Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical,
Physical and Engineering Sciences
JO - Philos Transact A Math Phys Eng Sci
M3 - 10.1098/rsta.2014.0409
VL - 373
IS - 2051
AU - Dombovari, Zoltan
AU - Stepan, Gabor
Y1 - 2015/09/28
UR - http://rsta.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/373/2051/20140409.abstract
N2 - A modal-based model of milling machine tools subjected to time-periodic nonlinear cutting forces is introduced. The model describes the phenomenon of bistability for certain cutting parameters. In engineering, these parameter domains are referred to as unsafe zones, where steady-state milling may switch to chatter for certain perturbations. In mathematical terms, these are the parameter domains where the periodic solution of the corresponding nonlinear, time-periodic delay differential equation is linearly stable, but its domain of attraction is limited due to the existence of an unstable quasi-periodic solution emerging from a secondary Hopf bifurcation. A semi-numerical method is presented to identify the borders of these bistable zones by tracking the motion of the milling tool edges as they might leave the surface of the workpiece during the cutting operation. This requires the tracking of unstable quasi-periodic solutions and the checking of their grazing to a time-periodic switching surface in the infinite-dimensional phase space. As the parameters of the linear structural behaviour of the tool/machine tool system can be obtained by means of standard modal testing, the developed numerical algorithm provides efficient support for the design of milling processes with quick estimates of those parameter domains where chatter can still appear in spite of setting the parameters into linearly stable domains.
ER -