RT Journal Article
SR Electronic
T1 Further observations of the turbulent fluctuations in a tidal current
JF Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series A,
Mathematical and Physical Sciences
JO Philos Trans R Soc Lond A
FD The Royal Society
SP 335
OP 356
DO 10.1098/rsta.1952.0008
VO 244
IS 883
A1
A1
YR 1952
UL http://rsta.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/244/883/335.abstract
AB The component of turbulent velocity in the direction of the mean flow has been studied for the tidal current in the Mersey estuary. Two Doodson current meters were used, recording simultaneously on the same photographic paper. The more interesting results were obtained within about 2 m of the bottom, the two meters being supported in a stand, with various vertical and horizontal separations. The periods of the turbulent fluctuations recorded varied from a few seconds up to several minutes. Various methods of analysis have failed to show any predominant periods or bands of periods (when the effects of surface waves have been excluded), and it appears that, as in other types of turbulence, a continuous spectrum of fluctuations is present. Distancecorrelation coefficients in the vertical and lateral directions have been computed from the simultaneous recordings, as well as auto-correlation curves from the recordings of the individual meters. Inferring the distance-correlation in the direction of flow from the auto-correlations, the integral scale of the turbulence in this direction is estimated to be of the order of 7 m, compared with 14 m, the mean depth of water. From the simultaneous correlations, it is suggested, tentatively, that the scales in the vertical and lateral directions are of the same order of magnitude and of the order of one-third of the scale in the direction of the mean flow.